What is air pollution?
Air pollution occurs when the air contains a harmful amount of gases, dust, fumes, and odor. Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases (GHG). The heat-trapping by GHG causes changes in the radiative balance of the Earth—the balance between energy received from the sun and emitted from Earth.
Type of air pollution:
GHG consists of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and Fluorinated Gases. The severe impact of GHG is causing Global warming (Climate Change)
Super Pollutants (Short-lived Climate Pollutant) consist of Methane, Fluorocarbon, and Black Carbon (Soot) – causing global warming and illness to the human body.
Microscopic Pollutants (Particle Pollutants) are a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air. Some particles, such as dust, dirt, soot, or smoke, are large or dark enough to be seen with the naked eye. Some are so small they can only be detected using an electron microscope – causing global warming and illness to the human body.
Toxic gases consist of Nitrogen Oxide (NO & NO2), Ozone, Sulfur Dioxide (Odor), and Benzene – causing illness to the human body.
What is the impact of Air Pollution?
Impacts of Air Pollution:
- Cost pay by the hospital and our lungs – can cause heat-related illness or death.
- Ocean acidification – Increase certain types of air pollution.
- Extreme weather – It can bring severe heat waves, floods, and droughts.
- Glacial Ace melting – Rises of sea level – Loss of land area.
- Plant and Animal extinctions – Break the balance of the ecosystem.
- WildFire – Loss of jungle area and animals.
Source and Impacts of Super Pollutant:
- Soot mainly comes from transportations and industries burning of fossil fuel.
- Carbon is a dangerous and high potential to heart attacks and strokes, cancer, developmental effects in children, and premature death.
- Methane is mainly emitted from the oil and gas supply chain through purging and flaring.
- Methane reacted with sunlight can form ground-level ozone, which can dramatically reduce crop yields.
- Fluorocarbon used as a refrigerant and domestic air-condition.
- Fluorocarbon is more potent than carbon dioxide to destroy ozone in the atmosphere.
Source and Impacts of Particles Pollutant:
- Cabon Particles Pollution is resulting from fossil fuel burning.
- Acute asthma happened to children or adults.
- Couching or difficult breathing.
- Heart-related illness.
- It is depleting the nutrients in the river base, coastal base, and ground soil.
- Acid rain effects.
- Affecting the diversify of the ecosystem.
Source and Impacts of Toxic gases:
- Nitrogen oxide mostly produced by vehicles.
- Formation of fine particles.
- NOx reacts with other pollutants in the presence of sunlight to form ozone.
- Ozone is harmful to the airway and lungs.
- Sulfur dioxide irritates the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs.
- Benzene is a cause of cancer in humans. Short-term causes skin, throat, and lung irritation. Long term causes excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection.
Air Pollution is a public health emergency, attributing seven million deaths to exposure to unhealthy air. Health is paying the price of the climate crisis. Our lungs, our brain, our cardiovascular system suffered the most from the cause of climate change, which is overlapping with the purpose of air pollution.
Sickness related to air pollution:
- Cardiovascular mortality
- Perinatal mortality
- Coronary heart diseases
- developmental disabilities in children
- deliver babies prematurely
What are the solutions that reduce air pollution?
The solution needs Countries contribution to reducing air pollution:
- Reduce the use of fossil fuel for engines, burning, or heating by industry or domestic.
- Replanting helps to reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
- Seventy-three countries signed the Paris Agreement, an international pact to combat climate change by investing in a sustainable, low-carbon future.
- Eliminating soot from transport and households – scrapping polluting vehicles, stoves, boilers, and ships – develop zero-carbon traffic and houses.
- Introduce enforcement reducing methane emission throughout the oil and gas supply chain by stopping venting and flaring.
- Phasedown using Hydrofluorocarbon in refrigerants and industries.
- One potential solution scientists are examining is to suck the carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and bury it underground indefinitely.
- Manage agricultural residues, strictly enforcement bans on open burning.
- Prevent forest and peatland fires through land planning, water management, and fire prevention strategies.
- Improve burning efficiency and additional insulation for Brick kilns wall.
- International ships use low sulfur fuel by law enforcement.
- Introduce covered storage and efficient application of manures; encourage anaerobic digestion.
- Use incentives to foster the extended use of wind, solar, and hydropower for electricity generation.
- Strictly enforce bans on open burning of household waste.
- Go for Clean cooking and heating – Use clean fuels – electricity, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in cities, and LPG and advanced biomass cooking and heating stoves in rural areas.
- Strengthen all emissions standards; a particular focus on the regulation of light- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles.
- Enforce mandatory checks and repairs for cars.
- Suppress construction and road dust; increase green areas.
- Encourage a shift from private passenger vehicles to public transport (electricity transit).
- Promote the use of electric vehicles by the local government.
The Solutions need Individual contribution reducing air pollution:
- You can plant a tree to help reducing air pollution.
- You can replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs, use two-thirds less energy, and give off 70 percent less heat. CFL bulbs can last longer than regular light bulbs.
- You can turn off lights, computers, television or radio when you are not using them.
- You can wash your clothes in warm or cold water to reduce your use of hot water and the energy required to produce it. That change alone can save at least 500 pounds of carbon dioxide annually in most households.
- You can plant a tree if you have space – A single tree will absorb approximately one ton of carbon dioxide during its lifetime.
- You can always look for the ENERGY STAR label when buying home or office equipment.
- You can use water-based paint or low VOC paint.
- You can use an environmentally friendly cleaner.
- You can choose the use of electric-based vehicles.
- You can choose public transport, and the best is electricity transit.
- When you are driving, accelerate gradually and strictly obey the speed limit.
- You can want to drive less, on the days with unhealthful air quality.
- You can maintain your vehicle tires properly inflated.
Every country and every individual has the responsibility to help to fix the climate change crisis and air pollution issue. The solution to tackle climate change and air pollution is not a difficult task but is a choice for the country and its citizens.
Every state actively bans smoking tobacco. But fossil fuel combustion is the primary driver of climate change and also a significant contributor to air pollution. Where are the policies to prevent fossil-fuel burning from lobbying government, or to end the $370 billion in subsidies lavished on coal, oil, and gas companies every year?
What has implemented for reducing air pollution?
- World Health Organization (WHO) reported that countries pledged to pursue “Safe” air quality by 2030 as part of their climate change plan
- Coal-fired electricity must end by 2050 – to limit global warming rises to 1.5C. We may not want to see a significant climate crisis coming very soon.
- China has 200 million bikes using for daily commuting.
- Amsterdam wants to only allow carbon-free vehicles by 2030.
- Oslo implemented its car ban in 2019, but not all politicians are pleased.
- Madrid plans to ban older cars from 500 acres of its city center by 2020.
- Hamburg is making it easier not to drive.
- Copenhagen has 50% of its population using bikes to work every day.
- Paris will ban diesel cars and double the number of bike lanes.
- London asks drivers to pay a congestion charge.
- Brussels is using cameras to enforce a fine for old vehicles.
- New York City banned cars from entering Central Park.
- In September 2019, Milan joined Rome in implementing a three-day ban on private car use.
- Athens joined a pledge to ban diesel cars by 2025.
- Frankfurt received a court order to ban around 60,000 cars.
- Berlin received a similar court order.
- Bogota closes its streets every Sunday from 7 am to 2 pm.
Can scientists able to find the solution to suck the carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and bury it underground indefinitely? I hope technology can find a way to do it in the next three to five years. Replace fossil fuel combustion by using renewable energy needs every country to implement law enforcement to push it up. Air pollution can significantly improve by cutting down the usage of fossil fuel combustion.
<< Use of electric cars and electric bikes reducing air pollution in the next ten years. >>
Global warming had a slight drop in 2019. With the effort of every country and every individual, global warming will continue to improve in the next five to ten years. Keeping our earth green and our atmospheric air clean is a good business for every country, every company, and every individual.
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